It’s never a bad time to review your progress toward your retirement goals, but your 40s is an especially important time to do so. Why? Because you’ve probably been working for about two decades, and you still have two to go until traditional retirement age. You’re at a midpoint in your working life where you can assess what’s worked so far and what you might need to change.
Many 40-somethings are juggling all sorts of expenses, from paying off a mortgage to raising children. Staying on track — or getting on track — with your retirement savings plan might feel daunting at this stage of life. On the positive side, you may be well-established in your career and enjoying the highest earnings of your life.
Of course, that’s not true for everyone: Some people may have experienced financial setbacks related to a job loss or health challenges. Some 40-somethings may be underemployed for the level of education they’ve earned (and are still paying for). Still others may be caring for a special needs child or an aging parent.
Regardless of the hand life has dealt you so far, here’s what you can do now to see where you stand and how to make progress toward a comfortable retirement in your 60s.
- Evaluate your progress toward popular benchmarks.
- Assess whether those savings goals are realistic for you.
- Start working toward longer-term goals.
Let’s start with some common guidelines for how much you should have amassed for retirement by midlife.
How much should you have saved for retirement by your 40s?
The following savings guidelines can be a starting point for evaluating your progress toward a fully funded retirement. These rules of thumb say you should have saved ...
- 2 to 3 times your income by age 40.
- 3 to 4 times your income by age 45.
These income-based targets assume you can live on a similar or slightly lower income during retirement. The absolute dollar amount you need for retirement can vary a lot depending on where you live, health needs, and other variables.
Here are two examples of where these guidelines might land you.
Annual income: $60,000
Retirement savings by age 40: $120,000 to $180,000.
Retirement savings by age 45: $180,000 to $240,000.
Annual income: $100,000
Retirement savings by age 40: $200,000 to $300,000.
Retirement savings by age 45: $300,000 to $400,000.
No matter how much you earn, these amounts might seem high, especially if you’re raising children, have high medical expenses, or are paying off a mortgage. You might also have realized that if the goal is to save a percentage of your income and your income changes, then you’re chasing a moving target. However, if you aim to save a consistent percentage of each paycheck and not a fixed dollar amount, you may be able to keep up. (Related: 4 simple ways to become a super saver)
Meeting recommended savings goals for 40-somethings: Is it realistic?
For Gen Xers, millennials, and the younger generations that follow, achieving the above goals can be challenging. The members of these generations are often faced with high student debt loads and tough economic conditions, especially in light of the ongoing pandemic. Also, especially for those living near growing urban centers like Silicon Valley or New York, living expenses can be significant and consistently increasing home values can put home ownership out of reach.
As a result, the standard advice to not take on debt is a privilege, not the norm, said Alejandro Mendieta, a managing partner of Coastal Wealth, a MassMutual firm and one of the largest financial services firms in Florida. But, he noted, there may be a solution: A financial plan with a time-bound goal to pay off debt, combined with a savings plan to keep pace with inflation and achieve growth toward set goals.
“If you have a financial plan to reference, you know what you can and can’t do,” Mendieta said. A plan that balances earnings against expenses can empower you to meet daily, weekly, monthly, and annual goals for becoming debt free and saving for a comfortable retirement while still enjoying activities like travel and dining, but with a limit.
Thinking longer term
What if you’re already in your 40s and it’s too late to meet the above goals? Here’s how you might get back on track for the long run.
Let’s say your annual income is $100,000 and you want to have 10 times your income saved by retirement. The examples below show how you could save $1 million by age 65 if you’re now age 40 or 45.1 Obviously, your contributions at age 45 need to be higher to achieve the savings goal, since there is less time to meet it. Both examples assume that you’re starting with a nest egg of $50,000, making contributions at the end of every two weeks, and that you’ll have a strong allocation to stocks in your investment portfolio, earning a hypothetical 8 percent annual return that is consistent with the historical returns of the stock market.
Saver 1: Age 40
Goal retirement age: 65
Years to accumulate retirement savings: 25
Biweekly savings: $305
Assumed annual investment return: 8 percent
Total savings by age 65: $1,001,620 before taxes and inflation
Saver 2: Age 45
Goal retirement age: 65
Years to accumulate retirement savings: 20
Biweekly savings: $590
Assumed annual investment return: 8 percent
Total savings by age 65: $1,004,352 before taxes and inflation
Of course, average annual returns of 8 percent may not be achievable. Market-based investments have risk and past performance doesn’t guarantee future performance.
Further, emotion-driven market timing prevents many people from achieving the same returns as the market and causes them to underperform. And some people may not be comfortable with a heavy asset allocation to stocks. (Learn more: 3 tips to avoid locking in investment losses)
If we instead assume a 5 percent average annual return using the examples above, our 45-year-old ends up with $662,546 by age 65, and our 40-year-old ends up with $569,070.
Will one million or half a million dollars be enough for a comfortable retirement? Not for everyone. But it could be better than relying on Social Security alone. MassMutual’s retirement calculator can help you see if you’re on track for retirement.
Using a financial plan to meet your goals
You don’t have to work toward these major life goals alone, and you’re more likely to achieve them with a plan. Many people find having help from a financial professional to formulate a plan and keep it on track gives them a leg up.
“Working with a financial professional who can hold you accountable is essential,” Mendieta said. “Your financial plan is just as important as finding the right financial professional who can hold you accountable, be your coach, and help you to achieve a comfortable retirement regardless of the challenges you might face.”
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1Calculated with the investment calculator found here https://www.bankrate.com/calculators/retirement/investment-goal-calculator.aspx.